IBF Anti-Doping Guidelines

2024 Prohibited List

Educational Requirements for NF’s

REVEAL is a platform where you can share information about doping suspicion in a completely anonymous and secure manner – managed independently by the International Testing Agency (ITA). As well, REVEAL includes the ability to provide information about doping in sport via WhatsApp and via secure email. Every piece of information is important in the fight for clean sport and through REVEAL you can support the investigation of anti-doping rule violations or criminal behaviour.               Click here

ANTI DOPING GUIDELINES

Contents

INTRODUCTION TO ANTI-DOPING. 2

PRINCIPLES AND VALUES ASSOCIATED WITH CLEAN SPORT. 2

THE ANTI-DOPING LANDSCAPE. 2

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES UNDER THE CODE. 3

THE PRINCIPLE OF STRICT LIABILITY. 5

ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS. 5

SUBSTANCES AND METHODS ON THE PROHIBITED LIST. 6

USE OF MEDICATIONS & RISKS OF SUPPLEMENTS USE. 6

THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS (TUEs) 8

TESTING PROCEDURES – URINE, BLOOD & THE ABP. 8

REQUIREMENTS OF THE REGISTERED TESTING POOL. 9

CONSEQUENCES OF DOPING.. 11

REVEALING SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY. 12

DATA PRIVACY. 13

CLEAN SPORT EDUCATION.. 13

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION TO ANTI-DOPING

The use of doping substances or doping methods to enhance performance is fundamentally wrong and is detrimental to the overall spirit of sport. Drug misuse can be harmful to an athlete’s health and to other athletes competing in the sport. It severely damages the integrity, image and value of sport, whether or not the motivation to use drugs is to improve performance.

To achieve integrity and fairness in sport, a commitment to a clean field of play is critical. The International Bowling Federation seeks to maintain the integrity of bowling by running a comprehensive anti-doping program that focuses equally on education/prevention and on testing, with consequent sanctioning of those who break the rules.

PRINCIPLES AND VALUES ASSOCIATED WITH CLEAN SPORT

The Anti-Doping Rules were adopted and implemented in conformance with IBF’s responsibilities under the Code and are in furtherance of IBF’s continuing efforts to eradicate doping in the sport of bowling.

Anti-Doping programs seek to preserve what is intrinsically valuable about sport. This intrinsic value is often referred to as the “Spirit of Sport”; it is the essence of Olympism; it is how we play true. The spirit of sport is the celebration of the human spirit, body, and mind, and is characterized by the following values:

  • Ethics, fair play, and honesty
  • Health
  • Excellence in performance
  • Character and education
  • Fun and joy
  • Teamwork
  • Dedication and commitment
  • Respect for rules and laws
  • Respect for self and
    other participants
  • Courage
  • Community and solidarity
  • Doping is fundamentally
    contrary to the spirit of sport.

THE ANTI-DOPING LANDSCAPE

WADA, International Bowling Federation the ITA and the National Anti-Doping Organisations (NADOs) coordinate all anti-doping efforts within the sport of International Bowling Federation.

RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES UNDER THE CODE

Rights and Responsibilities

Athletes, Athlete Support Personnel and other groups who are subject to anti-doping rules all have rights and responsibilities under the World Anti-Doping Code (Code). Part Three of the Code outlines these for each stakeholder in the anti-doping system.

It is especially important that athletes and Athlete Support Personnel know and understand Code Art. 21 (Additional Roles and Responsibilities of Athletes and Other Persons), particularly Art. 21.1 (Roles and Responsibilities of Athletes), Art. 21.2 (Roles and Responsibilities of Athlete Support Personnel) and Art. 21.3 (Roles and Responsibilities of Other Persons Subject to the Code).

Athletes’ Rights

This section presents a summary of the key athlete rights. It is important that both athletes and Athlete Support Personnel know and understand these.

Ensuring that athletes are aware of their rights, and these are respected is vital to the success of clean sport. Athlete rights exist throughout the Code and International Standards, and they include:

  • Equality of opportunity
  • Equitable and Fair Testing programs
  • Medical treatment and protection of health rights
  • Right to justice
  • Right to accountability
  • Whistleblower rights
  • Right to education
  • Right to data protection
  • Rights to compensation
  • Protected Persons Rights
  • Rights during a Sample Collection Session
  • Right to B sample analysis
  • Other rights and freedoms not affected
  • Application and standing

 

The Athletes’ Anti-Doping Rights Act sets out these rights and responsibilities. For more information, you can refer directly to the document here: Athletes’ Anti-Doping Rights Act.

Athletes’ Responsibilities

It is equally important that athletes are aware of their anti-doping responsibilities. Athlete Support Personnel should also familiarise themselves with these in order to be able to support their athletes. These include:

  • Not working with coaches, trainers, physicians or other Athlete Support Personnel who are ineligible on account of an ADRV, or who have been criminally convicted or disciplined in relation to doping (see WADA’s Prohibited Association List)

Further details of these roles and responsibilities can be found in Code Art. 21.1.

Athletes also have specific rights and responsibilities during the Doping Control Process. Please refer to this section  TESTING PROCEDURES – URINE, BLOOD & THE ABP for more information on this.

Rights and Responsibilities of Athlete Support Personnel and other groups

Like athletes, Athlete Support Personnel and others under the jurisdiction of International Bowling Federation also have rights and responsibilities as per the Code. These include:

  • Being knowledgeable of anti-doping policies and rules which are applicable to you or the athlete(s) you support
  • Using your influence on athlete values and behaviours to foster anti-doping attitudes
  • Complying with all anti-doping policies and rules which are applicable to you and the athlete(s) you support
  • Cooperating with the athlete testing program
  • Disclosing to International Bowling Federation and their NADO whether you have committed any Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) within the previous ten years
  • Cooperating with anti-doping organisations investigating ADRVs

Further details of these roles and responsibilities can be found in Code Art. 21.2 and 21.3.

THE PRINCIPLE OF STRICT LIABILITY

In anti-doping, the principle of Strict Liability applies – if it is in the athlete’s body, the athlete is responsible for it.

This means that every athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in their urine and/or blood sample collected during doping control, regardless of whether the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or method. Therefore, it is vital that athletes and Athlete Support Personnel know the rules and understand their responsibilities under the Code.

Athletes must know and understand the Prohibited List and with the risks associated with supplement use. More information on the Prohibited List, medications and supplements is available in the Prohibited List, Medications & Supplements section.

ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

  1. Presence of a prohibited substance in an Athlete’s sample
  2. Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method
  3. Refusal to submit to sample collection after being notified
  4. Failure to file Athlete Whereabouts information & missed tests
  5. Tampering with any part of the doping control process
  6. Possession of a prohibited substance or method
  7. Trafficking a prohibited substance or method
  8. Administering or attempting to administer a prohibited substance or method to an Athlete
  9. Complicity in an ADRV
  10. Prohibited association with sanctioned Athlete Support Personnel
  11. Discourage or Retaliate other Persons from reporting relevant Anti-Doping information to the authorities.

SUBSTANCES AND METHODS ON THE PROHIBITED LIST

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) produces a list of substances and methods that are banned in sport in the form of the Prohibited List. It is updated at least annually, with the new list taking effect on January 1 of each year.

It is important that athletes and Athlete Support Personnel are familiar with the Prohibited List and know how to check whether medications are prohibited in sport.

A substance or method can be added to the Prohibited List if it meets at least two of the following three criteria:

  1. It has the potential to enhance or enhances sport performance.
  2. Use of the substance or method represents an actual or potential health risk to the athlete.
  1. Use of the substance or method violates the spirit of sport.

The Prohibited List includes substances and methods that are categorised into three groups:

  1. Substances and methods prohibited at all times
  2. Substances and methods prohibited in-competition
  3. Substances prohibited in particular sports

According to the Code, the in-competition is the period commencing at 11:59 p.m. on the day before a Competition in which the Athlete is scheduled to participate through the end of such Competition and the Sample collection process related to such Competition

The in-competition period is very important to understand when it relates to substances that are prohibited in-competition. When a substance is prohibited in-competition, it must leave the athlete’s system by the time the said competition begins. It does not mean that the athlete must stop taking the substance by the time the in-competition period begins. Different substances take different amounts of time to leave the system – athletes must be extremely careful to make sure that they are not caught with a positive test as a result of taking a substance prohibited in-competition.

The most up-to-date version of the Prohibited List can be found here.

USE OF MEDICATIONS & RISKS OF SUPPLEMENTS USE

Checking Medications

We recommend using Global Drug Reference Online (Global DRO) to check all medications. Global DRO provides athletes and Athlete Support Personnel with information about the prohibited status of specific medications based on the current World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.

Here are a few tips and tricks to help athletes and Athlete Support Personnel navigate the Prohibited List and to be able to select medications that are safe to take within the context of sport:

  • Only the medical ingredient names are listed on the Prohibited List – not the brand names
  • Always check dosage restrictions, route administration of the medicine and any limitations for the use of the drug based on gender
  • Check both over-the-counter and prescription medications before using them
  • Inform your medical professional that you are an athlete and subject to anti-doping regulations
  • Different substances take different amounts of time to leave your system – take that into account when taking substances prohibited in-competition
  • Be careful when substituting one brand of medication for another – they may contain different medical ingredients
  • Be careful when travelling – the same brand of a medication may contain different medical ingredients abroad
  • Regularly check for updates to the Prohibited List

Risks of Supplements

Extreme caution is recommended regarding supplement use. A number of positive tests have been attributed to the misuse of supplements, poor labelling or contamination of dietary supplements, and there is no guarantee that a supplement is free from prohibited substances.

Risks of supplements include:

  • Manufacturing standards, which are often less strict compared with medicines. These lower standards often lead to supplement contamination with an undeclared prohibited substance;
  • Fake or low-quality products which may contain prohibited substances – and be harmful to health;
  • Mislabelling of supplements with ingredients wrongly listed and prohibited substances not identified on the product label;
  • Misleading and false claims that a particular supplement is endorsed by Anti-Doping Organisations or that it is “safe for athletes”. Anti-Doping Organisations do not certify supplements.

All athletes should do a risk-benefit assessment if they are considering the use supplements. The first step of such an assessment is to consider whether a “food-first” approach meets the athlete’s needs. Whenever possible, such assessment should be done with a support of a certified nutritionist or other qualified professional who is familiar with the global and International Bowling Fedeeration anti-doping rules.

Checking Supplements

If, after careful consideration, an athlete chooses to use supplements, they must take the necessary steps to minimise the risks. This includes:

  • Thorough research on the type and dose of the supplement, preferably with the advice of a certified nutritionist or other qualified professional who is familiar with the global and International Bowling Federation anti-doping rules.
  • Selecting only those supplements that have been batch-tested by an independent company. Companies that batch-test supplements include Informed Sport, Certified for Sport or Kölner Liste.

Remember, no supplement is 100% risk-free but athletes and Athlete Support Personnel can take certain steps to minimise these risks.

For more information, please watch this ITA webinar on nutritional supplements.

THERAPEUTIC USE EXEMPTIONS (TUEs)

There are situations in which athletes need to take a prohibited substance or use a prohibited method, as specified by the Prohibited List, for health reasons.

The anti-doping rules therefore stipulate therapeutic use exemptions, or TUE for short.

Please read the information that is found here https://ita.sport/tue/ carefully in order to assess whether you need a TUE and how you can submit it.

TESTING PROCEDURES – URINE, BLOOD & THE ABP

Introduction to Doping Control

The aim of testing is to detect and deter doping amongst athletes and to protect clean athletes. Any athlete under the testing jurisdiction of International Bowling Federation may be tested at any time, with no advance notice, in or out of competition, and be required to provide a urine or a blood sample.

Athletes can be tested by International Bowling Federation, NADOs or Major Event Organisers. Certain International Federations and Major Event Organisers delegate part or all of their anti-doping programs to independent organisations like the International Testing Agency (ITA). For more information on International Bowling Federation’s collaboration with the ITA, please visit https://ita.sport/partners/#

What to expect during the Doping Control Process

The doping control process is clearly defined by the World Anti-Doping Agency. This means that no matter where and when an athlete is tested, the process should remain the same.

The key steps of the doping control process are listed out in this Doping Control resource prepared by the International Testing Agency (also available in Arabic (عربى), Chinese (中文), French (français), German (deutsche), Italian (italiano), Japanese (日本語), Korean (한국어), Portuguese (português), Russian (русский) and Spanish (español).

To learn more about the doping control process, please watch this ITA webinar on urine and blood sample collection.

Rights & Responsibilities during Sample Collection

Athletes have a number of rights and responsibilities during sample collection.

Athlete rights during sample collection are to:

  • Have a representative accompany them during the process
  • Request an interpreter, if one is available
  • Ask for Chaperone’s/Doping Control Officer’s identification
  • Ask any questions
  • Request a delay for a valid reason (e.g., attending a victory ceremony, receiving necessary medical attention, warming down or finishing a training session)
  • Request special assistance or modifications to the process
  • Record any comments or concerns on the Doping Control Form

Athlete responsibilities during sample collection are to:

  • Report for testing immediately if selected
  • Show valid identification (usually a government-issued ID)
  • Remain in direct sight of the Doping Control Officer or Chaperone
  • Comply with the collection procedure

Athlete Biological Passport (ABP)

The Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) was introduced in 2009 and is a pillar method in the detection of doping. It is an individual electronic profile that monitors selected athlete biological variables that indirectly reveal the effects of doping. ABP is integrated directly into ADAMS.

If you wish to learn more about ABP, you can this ITA webinar recording.

REQUIREMENTS OF THE REGISTERED TESTING POOL

Registered Testing Pool (RTP)

The Registered Testing Pool (RTP) is the pool of highest-priority athletes established separately at the international level by the International Bowling Federation and at the national level by National Anti-Doping Organisations.

Athletes included in the International Bowling Federation RTP are subject to both in-competition and out-of-competition testing as part of International Bowling Federation’s test distribution plan and are therefore required to provide Whereabouts information as provided in Code Art. 5.5 (Athletes Whereabouts Information) and the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

The International Bowling Federation updates the composition of the RTP on a regular basis. Athletes are included in the RTP based on a set of criteria and are notified by the International Bowling Federation upon inclusion.

Inclusion in the RTP is done via the International Bowling Federation Inclusion Letter – this document contains all the key information, deadlines and athlete’s responsibilities as it relates to athletes’ RTP obligations.

Whereabouts Requirements

RTP Athletes must regularly provide whereabouts and contact information in ADAMS, WADA’s online anti-doping administration and management system. This information helps Anti-Doping Organisations with testing jurisdiction over the athlete to plan out-of-competition testing.

The Whereabouts requirements include but are not limited to:

  • An up-to-date mailing address and phone number
  • One daily specific 60-minute time slot between 5am and 11pm when the athlete is available and accessible for testing
  • Athlete’s overnight accommodation for each day
  • Information about training and regular activities that are part of the athlete’s regular routine (training at the gym, regular physio sessions, school, work, etc.)
  • Competition, training and travel schedule
  • Any additional relevant information that helps the Doping Control Officer locate the athlete (e.g., buzzer number or directions to a remote location)

Submitting late, inaccurate, or incomplete whereabouts information may result in a Filing Failure.

An athlete may receive a Missed Test if they are not available for testing during the 60-minute timeslot indicated in ADAMS. Three Whereabouts Failures (any combination of a Filing Failure and a Missed Test) occurring within a 12-month period will lead to an Anti-Doping Rule Violation and a potential two-year ban from sport.

It is important to note that under the Principle of Strict Liability, the athlete remains responsible for the information submitted, even if they have delegated this task to a member of their support team.

Below are some helpful whereabouts tips for athletes:

  • Set a calendar reminder of the key dates/deadlines to submit quarterly Whereabouts information
  • Set an alarm for the start of the 60-minute time slot
  • Be as specific as possible when submitting your Whereabouts information
  • When in doubt, ask for help via the ADAMS Help Centre
  • Make use of the Athlete Central app to submit your Whereabouts information on a mobile device

Retirement and Return to Competition

All international level athletes who decide to retire from competition must give written notice to the ITA via email Please note that your retirement is effective only once the ITA has received your written notice.

For RTP/TP Athletes, as soon as the retirement is officially confirmed to the ITA, the athlete will be immediately withdrawn from the RTP. The ITA will send a written communication to acknowledge that this information has been received.

If the athlete then wishes to return to competition, this athlete cannot compete in international or national events until they have given six months prior written notice to the International Bowling Federation and the ITA (Code Art. 5.6: Retired Athletes Returning to Competition).

CONSEQUENCES OF DOPING

The Consequences of Doping

There are many risks associated with doping. From negative effects on mental and physical health, to loss of sponsorship or prize money, to permanent damage to an athlete’s image and relationships, it is important to understand and consider all consequences of doping. Below is a list of some of the common consequences of not competing clean.

Health

Social

Financial

Sanctions

It is also a violation of the Code to work with Athlete Support Personnel who have been sanctioned by an ADO, as well as any coaches, trainers, physicians or other Athlete Support Personnel who are ineligible on account of an ADRV, or those who have been criminally convicted or professionally disciplined in relation to doping.

A full list of sanctioned athletes and Athlete Support Personnel in the sport of bowling can be found below in accordance with Code Art. 14.3 (Public Disclosure).

Table of Sanctions  

Date of decision Name Role (e.g., Athlete/ coach) Rule violation Substance Sanction Ban commenced Ban ends Full decision (link to case)
                 

Note: if the athlete or other person is a minor, no publication is required.

A full list of all Athlete Support Personnel who are currently suspended from working with athletes or other persons can be found on WADA’s Prohibited Association List.

REVEALING SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY

Every piece of information is important in the fight for clean sport. Your information helps us to uncover doping and catch cheaters.

REVEAL is a platform where you can share information about doping suspicion in a

completely anonymous and secure manner – managed independently by the International Testing Agency (ITA). As well, REVEAL includes the ability to provide information about doping in sport via WhatsApp and via secure email. Every piece of information is important in the fight for clean sport and through REVEAL you can support the investigation of anti-doping rule violations or criminal behaviour.

https://www.reveal.sport/frontpage

DATA PRIVACY

The International Bowling Federation (IBF) may collect, store, process or disclose personal information relating to Athletes and other Persons where necessary and appropriate to conduct its Anti-Doping Activities under the Code, the International Standards (including specifically the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information), these Anti-Doping Rules, and in compliance with applicable law.

Without limiting the foregoing, the IBF will:

(a) only process personal information in accordance with a valid legal ground;

(b) notify any Athlete or other Person subject to these Anti-Doping Rules, in a manner and form that complies with applicable laws and the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information, that their personal information may be processed by the IBF and other Persons for the purpose of the implementation of these Anti-Doping Rules;

(c) ensure that any third-party agents (including any Delegated Third Party) with whom the IBF shares the personal information of any Athlete or other Person is subject to appropriate technical and contractual controls to protect the confidentiality and privacy of such information.

CLEAN SPORT EDUCATION

With the enactment of the 2021 World Anti-Doping Code and the new International Standard for Education, anti-doping education has become a key step towards ensuring a clean and fair field of play. Effective education and clean sport values-based education programs are important to create a strong doping-free culture.

 

The International Bowling Federation supports this principle, and it is strongly recommended that all International Bowling Federation athletes, coaches and other Athlete Support Personnel take the time to get educated and informed using the many available anti-doping educational tools and resources. Topic-specific resources are included as direct links within that topic, other, more general resources and materials are listed below.

WADA ADEL Platform

ADELis WADA’s global Anti-Doping Education and Learning Platform. ADEL welcomes anyone who wants to learn about clean sport – the e-learning courses are free for all.

There are courses for athletes of different levels, as well as for coaches, and other support personnel. These include:

  • Athlete’s Guide to the 2021 Code
  • Athlete Support Personnel Guide to the 2021 Code
  • ADEL for Registered Testing Pool Athletes
  • International-Level Athletes Education Program
  • National-Level Athletes Education Program
  • Parents of Elite Athletes Education Program
  • High Performance Coaches’ Education Program
  • Medical Professional’s Education Program

ADEL courses are available in many different languages. If your language is not available at the time of login, make sure to check the ADEL Roadmap section of the website to see what courses are currently being translated and to which languages.

ITA Athlete Hub

The International Bowling Federation recommends regularly visiting the International Testing Agency’s Athlete Hub for the latest news, articles and informational resources. The Resources section is also helpful if you are looking for a specific document.

ITA Monthly Webinars

All members of the International Bowling Federation community are invited to take part in the ITA webinar series. Each month, anti-doping experts or athlete guests discuss key anti-doping topics relevant to athletes and Athlete Support Personnel. All webinars are free and accessible to any interested member of the global sport community. The webinars are delivered in English with simultaneous translation to Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish.

Registration for each webinar opens 2-3 weeks prior to the live session on the ITA Athlete Hub and on the ITA social media channels. Previous webinars can also be viewed on the Athlete Hub.